- Compare mainstream archive managers, on
multiple Operating Systems, in terms of times needed to open archives
containing a very large number of files and folders (in the range of
- Identify factors that may influence
archive browsing performances when listing thousands of items is
All applications are tested using default,
out-of-the-box configuration unless specified otherwise.
- Windows 10 64 bit using 64 bit versions
- 7-Zip 22.01
- PeaZip 9.5.0
- WinRar 6.11
- Windows 10 built-in Compressed Folders
- Linux Mint 21 x86_64
- PeaZip for Linux GTK2 9.5.0
- PeaZip for Linux Qt5 9.5.0
- Gnome Archive Manager
- macOS 13.6
- PeaZip for macOS aarch64 9.6.0
- PeaZip for macOS x86_64 9.6.0
- Asahi Linux on aarch64
- PeaZip for Linux GTK2 aarch64 9.6.0
Windows: Notebook with Intel Core i7-8565U CPU, 4
physical cores with hyper-threading (8 logical cores), 8 GB RAM
System disk 512 GB PCIe NVMe SSD, NTFS filesystem.
7-Zip benchmark score 24000
Linux: virtual machine over previous hardware.
7-Zip benchmark score 10000
macOS: 2020 MacBook Air with M1 chip.
7-Zip benchmark score 45000
This machine runs both macOS and Asahi Linux aarch64 benchmarks
Since very different technologies are employed, 7-Zip benchmark score
is provided as reference, albeit it is mainly correlated with CPU
| Input data
Subject of the benchmark are 3 archives in ZIP
default compression level, no encryption, containing several small
files of mixed types - in the range of 10s of thousands and 100s of
As content for the ZIP archives it was provided, multiple times, a
1x PeaZip source package
3x PeaZip translations package
totaling about 1000 items, approximately 93% files and 7% directories.
Archive "25K" contains 25 K items, 225 MB in size
Archive "250K" contains 250 K items, 2.25 GB in size
Archive "25-flat" contains 25 K items, all of them in the root of the
archive, 225 MB
input archives are saved in a fast SSD system disk, and opened by the
tested applications - which are already started.
A median time in seconds over 3 tests is reported as time to open the
archive for browsing.
Since the tests took place on different machines for Windows, Linux,
and macOS systems, 7-Zip benchmark score (rounded) is reported for
reference in "Hardware settings" paragraph.
- Archives were purposely tested on a fast local SSD
drive to put the focus of the benchmark on the efficiency of the tested
utilities: a slow disk or, worse, a remote disk over a slow connection,
will degrade the performances of all applications, adding overhead
time to access the data, the overhead being correlated with the size of
the archive and the speed of the unit.
- External factors may alter the outcome of the test,
i.e. the system could theoretically delay or stop content listing
high CPU / memory usage, or high temperature, or an anti-malware
software may interfere with the operations,
(the lower the better)
WIN64 (Fast mode)
Linux GTK2 aarch64
Performances opening archives containing an
increasingly large number
While up to
a few thousands items per archive the time needed to open the archive
barely noticeable, for any of the tested apps, on a modern machine,
with the 25K and 250K items benchmarks it become evident how well each
application scales in efficiency for listing an increasingly larger
number of items.
All applications (excluding 7-Zip) took a significant performance hit
increasing items per archive from 10s of thousands up to 100s of
thousands items per archive, with MS Compressed Folders being unable to
complete the 250K test in under 3 minutes (and was consequently
With out-of-the-box configuration (default Normal mode), PeaZip shows a
similar to WinRar and Gnome Archive manager in handling increasingly
larger archives, but it is slower than both apps and of 7-Zip, which is
the fastest tested application.
In Fast mode, PeaZip becomes
almost as fast as
7-Zip in both 25K and 250K tests, significantly faster than other
Pre-parsing analysis of
archive content with PeaZip
PeaZip performs a comprehensive pre-parsing
analysis of the archive on opening, listing the entire archive content,
only the root, which clearly adds a penalty in terms of raw
performances, but as tradeoff it is meant to warn the user of possible
integrity issues in advance, to display useful stats about the archive,
to create a treeview representation of the structure of directories
the archive to help browsing.
PeaZip can automatically turn off parts of pre-parsing process in order
to preserve performances, and can completely skip pre-browsing: this
behavior can be set in Options >
Settings, Browser optimization in the Performance group.
By default PeaZip is in Normal mode, which pre-.parses up to small
archives (in the range of few hundreds thousands items in archive),
while Fast mode has pre-parsing turned off unless listing issues are
auto-detected while opening the archive.
large number of items in the archive browser
25K-flat test shows mainly the efficiency in displaying a
large number of items at once in the file / archive manager component.
In this test the best possible advantage is the implementation of a virtual list
view, which is probably the key factor in 7-Zip and Gnome
Archive Manager performances for
almost identical to 25K case, unlike other applications including
PeaZip, which lacks this mechanism.
Swithcing PeaZip to Fast mode does not improve speed much in this
test, as the rendering part is unaffected.
The second most important key factor in this test is the efficieny of
Operating System's widget set
in rendering the list view items.
become evident with PeaZip, which uses different widget sets on
Linux, and macOS, with the Linux versions being significantly faster
than Windows and macOS ones - despising
the Linux test machine being by far the slowest one
accordingly to the
7-Zip benchmark ratings.
On Linux, Qt5 widget set significantly outperforms GTK2 and provides a
surprisingly good result, as faster application not implementing a
On macOS, the rendering times were noticeably slower than on Linux and
Windows, either because Lazarus (the IDE using to build PeaZip) is
less mature on this platform or because of performances of Cocoa widget
set functions involved.
The difference is even more evident when comparing the app versions
running on macOS/Cocoa aarch64, and on Asahi Linux/GTK2 arrch64, with
the latter verion being about 7x faster than the macOS one in this
specifc UI-intensive test.
Fastest application to
browse large archives
7-Zip is the fastest application to open / browse large archives in all
Out-of-the-box, PeaZip is slower than better optimized apps as WinRar
and Gnome Archive Manager, due to a time-consuming full archive
pre-parsing analysis stage
meant to detect issues and provide information about
However, its shows a comparable capability in scaling performances for
opening in reasonable times archives in the range of 10s thousands to
100s thousands of items.
Optimize PeaZip for
browsing large archives
PeaZip in Fast mode
is almost as fast as 7-Zip, and
significantly faster than any of the other tested apps, unless it is
display many thousands of items at once in the GUI.
Lacking a virtual
implementation it is inherently limited by the efficiency of
the underlying OS widget set; in this case Qt5 widgetset provides the
best performances for PeaZip, being even faster than WinRar and Windows
Compressed Folders in this test.
Performances comparison of
As for system utilities, Gnome Archive Manager clearly surpasses MS
Compressed Folders, and it has comparable performances with PeaZip for
Linux - faster on 25K archive, slower on 250K archive, fasterto
represent a very large number of items at once in the GUI.
Performances on Apple
Silicon vs Intel
On an M1 Apple Silicon machine, the native macOS aarch64 build
consistently performed better than the x86_64 build, ranging from 25%
to 40% faster performances.
macOS vs Linux performances
on Apple Silicon
The first two benchmarks, opening 25K items archive and 250K items
archive, which mostrly rely on app's own efficiency, shows quite
siimilar results, with macOS aarch64 version being faster on the
smaller archive and the Linux aarch64 scaling better on the larger
The last benchmark, which rely heavily on widget-set ability to render
in the UI a 25K items "flat" archive, shows a clear advantage for the
Linux/GTK2 version which is about 7 times faster than the macOS/Cocoa
version, despising the GTK2 widegt set not being the fast one available
on Linux platform.
Synopsis: Open large archives
benchmark. What is the fastest application to open large archives?
Comparison of archive browsing speed with 7-Zip, PeaZip, and WinRar.
Archive listing benchmark methods, time to open results, comparative of
speed of archive manager utilities for browsing archives containing
thousands of files and folders. Speed test on Windows, Linux, and macOS
aarch64 and Intel.
Topics: PeaZip vs 7-Zip vs
WinRar list large archive content benchmark, which is the fastest
PeaZip > Compression
benchmark > Open large archives benchmark